So, the place for planting lilies has been chosen, the soil has been prepared, now we need to decide how deep the lilies should be planted. Here it is necessary to take into account not only the variety of lilies, but also the size of the bulb, the ability of the plant to form stem roots. Basically, the bulbs are planted in the ground to a depth exceeding their diameter threefold. High-grade varieties with large flowering stems (Wilmot, Henry, Kinky) are planted deeper than indicated above, and even greater depth is needed for lilies with stem roots. Lily bulbs are planted with a rosette of ground leaves (terracotta, snow-white, Catsby) to a depth of two centimeters, with the expectation that the tops of the scales are located at the surface.
The depth of planting lilies also depends on the characteristics of the soil: it is better to plant onion in a sandy, light soil deeper than in heavy soil. In general, a deeper planting provides the bulbs with sufficient moisture in the summer, the optimum temperature in the winter, and protection from frost in the spring. On the long underground part, more bulbs and stem roots are formed.
The scheme of planting lilies is presented in three options:
single line ribbon with a distance of 5-15 cm between lily bulbs in a row and 50 cm between the lines;
two-line ribbon (for medium-sized lilies) with a distance between bulbs 15-25 cm, 25 between the lines, and between the tapes kept 70 cm;
three-line ribbon (for undersized lilies) with a distance between bulbs 10-15 cm, keeping between ribbons and lines as much as when two-line planting.
We will tell in brief about how to plant lilies correctly. First of all, dig a small hole with a scoop according to the chosen scheme to the desired depth. Prepare protective pads in each pit of a mixture of washed river sand with ash. Plant the bulbs on the sand cushions, gently straightening their roots and pressing the bulbs into the sand a little. From above, fill the hole with soil, pour and grind with peat. On this landing lilies finished.
Chrysanthemums do not like the slightest shading and moisture retention, so the place for them should be sunny and at least a little sublime. This is a guarantee that the shoots will not stretch, change the time and duration of flowering. However, the root system of chrysanthemums is superficial, so the soil can not be overdried.
The ideal soil for them is loose, moisture-permeable, with the optimum amount of various nutrients. With dense and poor soil in the garden before planting the cuttings in the soil make a little peat, compost or rotted manure, but do not abuse them, otherwise the plants will be too tall to the detriment of flowering. Add a small amount of coarse sand to the soil as a drainage. A soil mixture is desirable neutral or slightly acid. An ideal day for planting is cloudy or rainy. In hot sunny weather, plant cuttings early in the morning or late in the evening when the sun is less active. 35-40 cm deep wells spill abundantly with water, put drainage, the earth mixed with biohumus in a ratio of 20: 1. Chrysanthemum set and covered with earth. The growth of the roots is parallel to the soil, so they are not too deep. For tall varieties need additional support.
Immediately after planting, the first pinching is carried out - the growing point is removed on the plant. 3 weeks after disembarking, the upper part of the shoot with 2-3 knots is broken out - the second nip. The first days after planting the seedlings artificially pritenite so that they do not suffer from bright sunlight. The best option is a non-woven material, but it is desirable that it does not come into contact with the leaves.
They are one of the first to bloom when other flowers have not yet grown, or even not yet planted. Looks very beautiful blooming when planted in heaps, groups. The larger the group, the better the impression it makes. How to arrange them, tells you the taste, as well as the place allocated for planting.
I will not reveal to you any secret if I say that before planting tulips, it is necessary to prepare the ground. It is best to do this two weeks before landing. What soil do these flowers like? Loose, fertile. A place where they will grow must necessarily be sunny.
If the soil is dry, first you need to moisten it well, and only then dig it up.
If you have dense soil in the area, then add sand to the hole or trench before planting - the flowers like loose earth. I still add wood ash - this is both a good fertilizer, as well as additional protection from various diseases. Alkaline soil is more suitable for tulips, and ash just soothes the ground.
Regardless of how you arranged the bulbs - in rows or in groups, I advise you to sprinkle them with a small amount of humus or compost, and then fill it up with earth on top.
And do not forget, they need the sun, and the breeze, so as not to disturb. If the site is at least partially closed from the sun, the stems will stretch, thin, bend, and the bulbs will not be able to accumulate an adequate supply of food for themselves.
The plot should be smooth, with a good subterranean layer. The roots of tulips go to a depth of a little more than half a meter, so if you have close groundwater, the onions will get wet, they will die. In this case it is necessary to plant tulips on a dais.
Processing bulbs before planting
When we dug up tulips in the summer after flowering, we dried them well, sorted them out. Large bulbs separately - we will plant them in the most prominent place - they will bloom, please us. Small or medium sized flowers will not bloom in spring, therefore, as experts advise, they are best planted in an inconspicuous but sunny place.
That's about how I sort the bulbs, after drying into three parts - large, medium, small. From the medium bulbs, next summer we will get large ones with a laid flower arrow. And from small ones, we will get medium ones. That is, for little children it may take at least two seasons until they bloom.
I plant tulips not in rows, but in round glades. It seems to me that this way they will look more natural. Unfortunately, tulips are susceptible to fungal diseases. Therefore, before planting them, you should keep the bulbs for at least half an hour in a solution of a fungicide, for example, Maxim, Fitosporin or a weak solution of manganese. Planting tulips in the ground or in a basket for bulbous
A convenient device for planting - plastic baskets with a lattice bottom. They are convenient because they help to form flower compositions on a flowerbed, facilitate the process of digging out the bulbs after the end of flowering. You can usually buy special baskets with a height of 6-7 cm. The average height of a large onion is 4-5 cm. Therefore, the hole should have a depth of 12-15 cm.
During the planting of seedlings closely monitor the site of vaccination (this is part of the root, where shoots start to grow from). The inoculation should be under the surface of the soil for 3-5 cm. Thus, the rose will receive protection from the heat of the sun and the winter cold. And additional shoots will not develop from the vaccination - they inhibit the growth and development of the main ones.
If the soil settles, add soil mixture to prevent the formation of holes, otherwise the roots may begin to rot from excess moisture.
Landing methods. There are two known ways of planting roses, which are well proven:
◊ Dry method. This method is suitable for areas with high humidity. At the bottom of the prepared hole we make a small earthen roller - on it we will lay out the roots of the flower.
Plant a rose is better together. One holds a bush and gently places it in the hole. The second straightens the roots and gently falls asleep their soil mixture, compacting the plant with his hands.
Then the rose bush is poured abundantly with water (for each bush there are 10 l of water). After 2-3 days, the soil is loosened and spud up to a height of 10 cm (up to the level of shoots cuts).
If this is not done, the shoots of roses can dry out (especially in hot weather).
Loss of moisture often leads to the death of a rose. To avoid this, create an additional cover for your beauty in the form of mounds of wet moss or raw sawdust. If these mounds are too thick, slightly loosen them.
If your rose caught on - after 10-15 days the first young shoots will appear. As soon as you notice them, you can unleash the plant. This procedure is best done in cloudy times.
◊ Wet way. This planting of roses is best suited for regions where the arid climate. A bucket of water is poured into the prepared pit (dissolve a heteroauxin tablet in it, you can add a solution of Humate Sodium the color of strong tea).
One person can cope with such an operation. With one hand, lower the seedling directly into the water, with the other hand fill the pit with water-soil mixture.
A mixture of land and water perfectly fills the entire space between the roots without the formation of voids.
When planting, periodically shake the bush and thoroughly compact the ground. Watering is not needed.
If you sow the soil, the next day, raise the seedling a little, add earth and roll it 10-15 cm. After planting, pritenite a young rose for 10-12 days.